The Jesus and Mary Chain formed in East Kilbride in 1983. The band revolves around the songwriting partnership of brothers Jim and William Reid. After signing to independent label Creation Records, they released their first single "Upside Down" in 1984. Their debut album Psychocandy was released in 1985 on major label WEA. The band went on to release five more studio albums before disbanding in 1999. They reunited in 2007.